Buy Local: The Lake County Food System
Local food systems offer many economic, environmental, and quality-of-life benefits that apply to businesses, residents, and Lake County as a whole. As consumers, residents benefit from having more opportunities to buy fresh produce to cook at home or eat at restaurants. Local entrepreneurs benefit from increased business opportunities, and our county as a whole benefits from stronger, more diverse local economies.
Benefits of Buying Local
- Economic Potential: Keeps Money in the State, Increases Farm Income and Jobs, and Supports Local Business
- Improved Quality of Life: Provides Fresh, High-Quality Food and Promotes a Sense of Community
- Helps the Environment: Reduces Food Miles and Gas Emissions, Helps Manage Waste, and Promotes the Preservation of Farmland
Lake County Trends
Data from the Lake County 2007 Agricultural Census shows that the county is moving toward sustainable farming practices and more of a local food system. More than 20 percent of farms used conservation methods, and there were 12 organic farms totaling 90 acres. Additionally, Lake County has seen a consistent rise in direct-to-consumer sales.
There is unmet demand for locally grown food in Lake County, as is the case throughout the metropolitan Chicago area and state-wide. According to one estimate, if Lake County consumers bought $5 of food directly from local farms each week, local farms would earn an additional $182 million. This annual demand for vegetables and fruits in Lake County demonstrates the great economic potential of local food production in Lake County.
An Economic Opportunity in Lake County
Economists estimate that 90-95 percent of the $48 billion worth of food consumed in Illinois – approximately $14 billion of which is fruits and vegetables– is produced elsewhere, meaning that approximately $46 billion leaves our state every year. In Lake County alone, over 88 percent of food dollars were spent outside of the county in 2009.
There is market demand for food that is grown and processed here by our own neighbors, which generates and circulates money within our state and region rather than sending it elsewhere. The multiplier effect of money spent on locally grown food in Illinois estimates that those food dollars circulate 1.4 to 2.6 times within the local economy, indicating that every dollar that goes toward local food purchases can double or triple the economic benefits to the local economy.
By that factor, if the unmet demand for fruits and vegetables in Lake County – estimated at approximately $180 million– were satisfied, then the benefits to the County’s economy as a whole could total $468 million annually. This positive trend also influences labor income and jobs, as it is estimated that fruit and vegetable farms selling in local markets employ 13 full-time employees per every $1 million in sales, versus three employees for entities that sell into global farm commodity markets. In other words, a dollar spent at the farmers market supports four times as many workers as a dollar spent at the supermarket. Farm income is also impacted by the choice of product. On a national scale, studies have shown that farm income and per acre net revenue for fresh market vegetables are five to 50 times greater than that for commodity crops.
By supporting and strengthening the sustainable local food system, Lake County is poised to tap into the economic potential of increased jobs and production.